Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

The People v. Kozak

ILLINOIS APPELLATE COURT — FIRST DISTRICT, FOURTH DIVISION.


OCTOBER 21, 1970.

PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE,

v.

GEORGE H. KOZAK, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County; the Hon. IRWIN FIELD, Judge, presiding. Reversed.

MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE STAMOS DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.

After a bench trial, defendant was convicted of driving a motor vehicle while his driver's license was suspended, in violation of Ill Rev Stats 1967, c 95 1/2, § 6-303(a). *fn1 He was placed on one year's probation. Defendant appeals and seeks a reversal of his conviction, or in the alternative, a new trial. Defendant contends (1) that the statute he was charged with violating is inapplicable to the facts of the case; (2) that he was not proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt; and (3) that the trial court erred in refusing to strike testimony as to defendant's admissions when the prosecution failed to prove the corpus delicti.

The agreed statement of facts shows that on June 14, 1969, police officers of the Berkeley Police Department investigated an automobile accident in the parking lot of Guido's Finer Foods. The investigation developed that defendant's vehicle had apparently struck an unoccupied vehicle and defendant admitted he was operating his vehicle at the time. Defendant's driver's license had been suspended a few days before this occurrence. The police testified that they did not see defendant operate his vehicle; that the parking lot is owned by Guido's Finer Foods and it is not a public body; and that no municipal or governmental body, to the officer's knowledge, maintains or cleans this parking lot.

Defendant contends that the statute,*fn1 which by its terms is applicable only when a person is driving a motor vehicle on a highway of this State, is not violated by driving in a parking lot which is not a "highway" as defined in Ill Rev Stats 1967, c 95 1/2, § 1-121. *fn2 We agree.

In People v. Erickson, 108 Ill. App.2d 142, 246 N.E.2d 457, the defendant was charged with driving a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor in violation of section 47 of the Uniform Act Regulating Traffic on Highways (Ill Rev Stats 1967, c 95 1/2, § 144(a)). As in the instant case, the occurrence took place in a privately-owned parking lot. In Erickson this court noted that the legislature did not restrict the offense of driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor to highways, and said at page 145, after referring to pertinent statutes:

"The Illinois Legislature . . ., expressly and specifically provided that the offense of driving a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor would apply, not only if it occurred upon highways, but "elsewhere throughout the state." *fn3

However, in the present case the statute makes it a punishable offense to drive without a license on a highway without expanding the prohibition to "elsewhere throughout the state." Therefore, the prohibition does not extend to operation of a motor vehicle in a privately-owned parking lot.

Since we have determined to reverse, we need not discuss defendant's remaining contentions.

The judgment is reversed.

Reversed.

DRUCKER and ENGLISH, JJ., concur.


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.