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People v. Morgan

ILLINOIS APPELLATE COURT — FIRST DISTRICT, FOURTH DIVISION.


JULY 17, 1968.

PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, APPELLEE,

v.

SAMUEL MORGAN, APPELLANT.

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County, Criminal Division; the Hon. MAURICE W. LEE, Judge, presiding. Affirmed.

MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE MCCORMICK DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.

CHARGE: Soliciting for a prostitute. *fn1

JUDGMENT: After a bench trial the defendant was found guilty and sentenced to thirty days in the House of Correction and fined $50.

POINTS RAISED ON APPEAL: Defendant was not proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, and defendant was entrapped by the arresting police officers.

EVIDENCE: The evidence introduced by the State was that on March 2, 1966, at approximately 4:30 a.m., Sgt. William Malone of the Chicago Police Department, went to a hotel at 176 North Clark Street, where he asked the desk clerk, a Mr. Purcelliers, if a man named Sam was around. When the defendant, Sam Morgan, came down Sgt. Malone asked him "if he would fix me up"; the defendant said he could but that the Sergeant would first have to check into a room. The two then went up in the elevator and the Sergeant asked the defendant what the cost would be and was told $50. The defendant then took the Sergeant to the room and said the girl "would be there." A few minutes later a girl (now known as Julie Davis) entered the room and said she would have sexual intercourse with the Sergeant for $50. The officer gave her $50; she disrobed, and was arrested.

The defendant testified in his own behalf that on the day in question he was employed as a bellhop and elevator operator at the Astor Hotel, 176 North Clark Street; that Officer Malone asked him to pick out a room for him, and he suggested room 544, adding that that floor had been newly decorated; that they went on the elevator to the fifth floor and no more was said between them until they reached the room, when the officer said he had been in the hotel the previous summer. The defendant testified that at no time did he offer to send a girl to the officer, nor did he receive any money to send a girl. On cross-examination he stated he had known Julie Davis as a guest in the hotel for a couple of days. Later he testified that he knew her only from six o'clock Tuesday morning and had never seen her before that. He also testified that he did not see her on the Wednesday morning in question.

Julie Davis testified on behalf of the defendant that she had lived in the Astor Hotel for about one week at the time of her arrest; that she was on her way to her room when she walked past the room occupied by Sgt. Malone; that the door was open and he motioned her to come in; that when she went in he offered her $50 to go to bed with him; that she took the $50, disrobed and was arrested. She testified that she knew the defendant was the bellhop and that she had seen him once or twice before. When asked if she had seen him in the morning of her arrest her answer was, "I may have, I could not say no."

OPINION: The argument of the defendant in this court that he was not proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, essentially involves a determination of the credibility of the witnesses testifying at the trial. It is so well settled as to require no citation of authorities that a determination of the credibility of the witnesses in a bench trial rests upon the trial judge, and that his finding will not be disturbed in the Appellate Court unless it is so unsatisfactory or unreasonable as to raise a serious doubt of defendant's guilt. People v. Reaves, 24 Ill.2d 380, 183 N.E.2d 169; People v. Boney, 28 Ill.2d 505, 192 N.E.2d 920. This was not the case here. The finding of guilty was adequately based on the evidence.

[3-5] As to the defense of entrapment, there is no entrapment where the law enforcement officer merely provides an opportunity for the commission of a crime by one who is already so disposed. *fn2 "The distinction that must be drawn is between the inducement of an otherwise innocent person and the apprehension through lawful artifice of an individual already engaged in criminal activity." People v. Lewis, 26 Ill.2d 542, 545, 187 N.E.2d 700. See also our discussion of this subject in People v. Washington, 81 Ill. App.2d 162, 167-171, 225 N.E.2d 673. Where the defense of entrapment is not urged in the trial court, as is the situation in the instant case, it is not available on appeal. People v. Redding, 28 Ill.2d 305, 192 N.E.2d 341. Furthermore, the defense in this case is incompatible with entrapment and is therefore a conclusive bar to this court's consideration of the defense of entrapment as set out in People v. Calcaterra, 33 Ill.2d 541, 213 N.E.2d 270, where the court said at page 546:

"The defense of entrapment, however, is not available to an accused who, like defendant, denied having committed or participated in an unlawful act. People v. Outten, 13 Ill.2d 21."

See also People v. Shaw, 89 Ill. App.2d 285, 294, 233 N.E.2d 73.

The judgment of the Circuit Court is affirmed.

Affirmed.

DRUCKER and ENGLISH, JJ., concur.


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