Appeal from the Circuit Court of Lee County, Fifteenth
Judicial Circuit; the Hon. JAMES BALES, Judge, presiding.
MR. JUSTICE SEIDENFELD DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.
Rehearing denied August 14, 1968.
Defendant appeals from his conviction, upon a plea of guilty to the offense of theft, urging that the court erred in denying probation and in imposing a sentence of two (2) to four (4) years in the penitentiary.
The theory of defendant is that the sentence was excessive in view of the sentences imposed upon his co-defendants and in view of the age and previous record of this defendant. Reduction in sentence is sought. The State responds that in view of the role played by the defendant in the theft, his past record, and the fact that the sentence was within prescribed limits, the sentence should not be reduced.
There was a hearing in aggravation and mitigation and upon defendant's motion for probation. At this hearing facts were adduced concerning a theft of sixteen television sets from defendant's employer, the Admiral Corporation, at its Dixon, Illinois, warehouse. Defendant testified that one Ed Williams, who had a business in Sterling, Illinois, approached him and a co-defendant, Baughman, and suggested "he could handle merchandise from Admiral." Lester Coers and Dale Meiners, co-defendants, overheard defendant and Baughman talking and asked to get in on the planned theft and offered a pickup truck. On the evening of May 18, 1967, Stroup, Meiners, Baughman and Coers went to the Admiral Corporation warehouse, and while Stroup engaged the guards in conversation, Baughman entered the basement and handed Coers and Meiners sixteen television sets through a basement window. Coers and Meiners placed the items in the pickup truck and unloaded them in Sterling where defendant Stroup turned them over to Williams for approximately $800.
Defendant further testified that he was twenty years old and a high school graduate; that when he was fourteen he was convicted for cutting a convertible top and placed on probation; that when he was seventeen he was convicted of stealing gasoline and again placed on probation; and that at various times he had been arrested and fined for liquor violations and for speeding.
Defendant had gone to work for Admiral fourteen months previously. He admitted at the hearing that he and Baughman had previously taken twelve phonographs and two boxes of speakers from Admiral and turned them over to Williams. After the theft in question he, with Baughman, took three additional television sets from Admiral and disposed of them.
The statements of defendants, Meiners and Coers, were introduced. Meiners and Coers stated that they received fifteen dollars each as their part from defendant and Baughman.
Defendant's father testified favorably to his son's character.
Coers and Meiners were granted probation with two weeks' confinement in the county jail. Baughman at a subsequent separate hearing was granted probation with the first sixty days to be spent in the county jail. The transcript of record does not reveal any reference to previous criminal records of any of the co-defendants.
Defendant relies upon People v. Freeman, 49 Ill. App.2d 464, 200 N.E.2d 146 (1964) and People v. Steg, 69 Ill. App.2d 188, 215 N.E.2d 854 (1966). In Freeman the defendant was granted probation on robbery charges while his co-defendants were sentenced to the penitentiary for 1 to 3 years. Upon a subsequent revocation of Freeman's probation he was sentenced to 10 to 20 years. In reducing the sentence to 4 to 10 years, the Appellate Court referred to the fact that the other defendants had received "substantially smaller sentences" from the trial court.
In Steg, the defendants, Steg and Bravo, were sentenced to 5 to 20 years upon a plea of guilty to the offense of armed robbery. A third defendant, Witt, was sentenced to 2 to 10 years, to run consecutively with a previous 2 to 10-year sentence imposed upon him in Iowa. Witt was shown to be the instigator of the crime. The defendants, Steg and Bravo, had only disorderly conduct and traffic violations on their records. Witt had been sentenced first, and in sentencing Steg and Bravo the trial court specifically stated that he had made a mistake in sentencing Witt and wasn't going to make "a mistake likewise" in sentencing these defendants. The Appellate Court, under these circumstances, reduced the sentences of Steg and Bravo to 2 to 10 years, stating in its opinion that if all of the defendants had been sentenced to 5 to 20 years it would not have interfered with the sentence.
Neither of the cited cases, in our opinion, provide a basis for a reduction in sentence on this appeal under the provisions of chapter 110A, § 615(b), Ill Rev Stats 1967 (Supreme Court Rule 615). In both the Freeman and Steg cases, supra, the record was devoid of any evidence which could account for the disparity in sentencing. Here, the record furnishes a basis for the different sentence imposed upon defendant than that imposed upon each of his co-defendants. Defendant was the main instigator of the crime with Baughman. He was an employee who could impose upon his position and decoy the guards. He had a previous record of unsuccessful attempts at rehabilitation through probation, while the record is silent as to any previous offenses by Baughman. The remaining defendants had no previous record and were not instigators or planners of the crime, nor participants in other thefts as were defendant and Baughman.
We find no abuse of the trial court's discretion justifying interference with a sentence which is within statutory limits and not disproportionate to the nature of the offense. People v. Smith, 14 Ill.2d 95, 98, 150 N.E.2d 815 (1958); People v. Conway, 85 Ill. App.2d 165, 174, 228 N.E.2d 548 ...