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People v. Mcgrath

JULY 20, 1967.

PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE,

v.

KEVIN MCGRATH, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.



Appeal from the Circuit Court of Lake County; the Hon. EUGENE T. DALY, Judge, presiding. Reversed and remanded with directions.

MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE MORAN DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.

The defendant was tried before a magistrate on a misdemeanor charge (Ill Rev Stats 1965, c 38, § 12-3), found guilty and sentenced to the Illinois State Farm at Vandalia, Illinois, for a period of ninety days. Motions in arrest of judgment and for a new trial were denied. It is from the orders denying these motions that the defendant appeals.

The complaint, charging battery, was signed on March 21, 1966, and a warrant for the defendant's arrest was issued pursuant thereto. The caption of the complaint was as follows:

"In the Circuit Court of the 19th Judicial Circuit, Lake County, Illinois."

In the body of the complaint, although the county was not mentioned, still, the following phrase was used:

". . . in the said County and State. . ." There was no conflict between the caption and the body of the complaint as to the county; nor was there any evidence that defendant was prejudiced or that venue was improper.

On March 24, 1966, the defendant, without counsel, was brought before a magistrate for arraignment and the following is a portion of the order that was entered:

"And the said defendant Kevin McGrath being now arraigned to plead for plea says that he is not guilty in manner and form as charged in said Complaint and hereby waives trial by jury."

The magistrate then ordered the cause to be heard on April 7, 1967. On the date set, the defendant appeared pro se and was found guilty by the court.

[1-3] Since a court reporter was not present we are without the aid of a report of proceedings; and therefore, this appeal is founded on the common-law record. There was attached to the motion for a new trial, the affidavits of the defendant and his mother stating that the defendant was not advised of his right to trial by jury, did not knowingly waive such right and that he was denied a continuance to obtain counsel to defend against the charge. However, affidavits are not part of the common-law record (People v. Twitty, 405 Ill. 60, 61, 89 N.E.2d 827 (1950)) and this court is not authorized to consider statements, arguments or contentions dehors the record. People v. Rogers, 26 Ill.2d 599, 603, 188 N.E.2d 22 (1963).

The defendant complains of error in that (1) the body of the complaint did not allege the county wherein the offense took place, (2) that he was not advised of his right to counsel and (3) that he did not knowingly and intelligently waive his right to trial by jury.

As to the first urged error, our Supreme Court in the recent decision of People v. Williams, 37 Ill.2d 521, 229 N.E.2d 495 (1967) stated:

"Where, . . . there is no conflict between the caption and the body of the charge, no suggestion that the venue was improper or improperly proved, and no showing of prejudice to the defendant, we see no reason to refuse to read the caption as part of the complaint. So read, the complaint sufficiently ...


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