Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County, Criminal
Division; the Hon. RICHARD A. HAREWOOD, Judge, presiding.
MR. JUSTICE DRUCKER DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.
After a bench trial defendants were found guilty of attempted robbery *fn1 and each was sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of not less than three nor more than five years.
Defendants' sole contention is that they were not proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
According to the testimony of the complaining witness, Joseph Gbur, on October 3, 1964, at 2:00 a.m. he went to visit friends at 6758 South St. Lawrence Avenue; as he ascended the steps to the porch of the aforesaid residence he was grabbed by defendants, who pulled him off the stairs, hit and kicked him, and went through his front pockets; he (Gbur) was lying on his back and therefore defendants did not search his rear pockets; his wallet was in one of those rear pockets and therefore was not taken. He admitted drinking earlier in the evening.
Two police officers, Thomas Barrett and James Willford, arrived on the scene in their patrol car. Barrett stated that the defendants were kicking and beating Gbur. Willford testified that one of the defendants was kicking Gbur and the other seemed to be going through his pockets. Both officers testified that Gbur had a slight smell of alcohol on his breath but he was not staggering.
Detective James Houtsma testified that he subsequently conversed with defendants at the police station and that upon questioning they admitted beating and kicking Gbur because he called them a name. He further testified that Gbur appeared to have had a few drinks but was not staggering.
Both defendants testified that, in the company of each other, they had been drinking earlier in the evening. McAfee also stated that as he and Martin were walking down the street after they finished drinking, Gbur staggered and fell in front of them. Martin, however, did not testify that Gbur fell in front of them. Martin stated that as he and McAfee reached the corner of 68th and St. Lawrence they saw Gbur stagger and fall to the ground; that they were going in that direction and therefore walked up to Gbur and asked what was wrong. Both defendants denied admitting to Detective Houtsma that they kicked and beat Gbur or that he called them a name.
The evidence adduced by the prosecution, if believed, is sufficient to sustain a conviction of attempted robbery. Joseph Gbur testified that the defendants attacked him, pulled him to the ground and were going through his pockets. Officer Willford testified that one of the defendants seemed to be going through Gbur's pockets and the other was kicking the victim.
[1-3] In a bench trial it is the function of the trial judge to determine the credibility of the witnesses and the weight to be afforded their testimony. People v. Clark, 30 Ill.2d 216, 195 N.E.2d 631. The slight discrepancy in the testimony of the police officers, as to whether one of the defendants was going through Gbur's pockets when they arrived, is understandable since in their rush to aid the victim each officer could not be expected to notice each act of the assailants. Slight discrepancies in the testimony of the witnesses do not render that testimony unworthy of belief. People v. Carpenter, 71 Ill. App.2d 137, 217 N.E.2d 337. A reviewing court will not substitute its opinion for that of the trier of fact unless the proof is so unsatisfactory as to justify a reasonable doubt of guilt. The trial judge believed the evidence adduced by the prosecution and rejected the somewhat contradictory evidence offered by the defense.
The evidence is sufficient to prove the defendants guilty beyond a reasonable doubt of attempted robbery. Therefore the ...