Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County, Criminal
Division; the Hon. WALTER P. DAHL, Judge, presiding. Affirmed.
MR. JUSTICE DRUCKER DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.
This is an appeal from an order that Clarence M. Dunagan, an attorney, be found guilty of contempt of court and fined $1,000. In its order the court found that "the actions of the Respondent [appellant] were designed to and did, in fact, mislead this Court and jury"; and that "the actions of the Respondent [appellant] were calculated to and did embarrass, hinder and obstruct this Court in the administration of justice."
Appellant was the attorney of record for three persons (all employed by the Cook County Sheriff's Office), including one John Chaconas, who were defendants in a perjury proceeding. The perjury allegedly was committed before a Grand Jury investigating the theft of drugs from the Zahn Drug Company warehouse. *fn1 The contempt order arose from appellant's alleged deceptive maneuvers in attempting to discredit important evidence of the prosecution, People's Exhibit 2, which was a duplicate registration card from the Caravelle Motel allegedly executed in the name of John Matheos by John Chaconas, and bearing the number 6927. Its purpose was to show that Chaconas had registered at the motel for Room 31 under an assumed name prior to a raid conducted at the motel by the Cook County Sheriff's Office.
The prosecutor, in his opening statement to the jury, described the registration system of the motel:
The Caravelle Motel has a rather unusual way of registering their clients and people who come in to rent rooms. They have a white registration card, and it's attached to a blue or greenish blue duplicate, and when you write on the original you automatically make a carbon on the duplicate. Most motels don't bother with this duplicate, but the Caravelle did have such a system. They put the white card in the slot and the blue card goes back in the office and they keep that with the day's records and they leave the white card out in front.
Appellant, in his opening statement, asserted that the motel actually had two registration systems:
I expect, further, to show that they had a duplicate registration method in that motel. That the elaborate method by which Mr. Garippo explained Giancanna's method of registering guests was only one of the methods they had. That was a card with a carbon. Another was loose cards that, if you wanted the room only for a short period of time, you registered in on that card and it was subsequently destroyed. That those cards, the original cards, the one they kept for their own records or for somebody's records, were numbered in numerical order, and that the ones they used for the hasty guests all carried the same number
. And when Brackenbury [of the State's Attorney's police] went to the Caravelle and talked to Romeo Torsiello or Frank Kozie, the operators of that motel, he obtained a carbon copy not an original, of card number 6927, which was this affluent card that was used if you wish to rent the room temporarily.
Appellant further asserted that Chaconas was sent to the motel office to copy down the name of the registration for Room 31; that he copied it on another of the white cards bearing the number 6927, which allegedly was People's Exhibit 2.
During the course of the trial appellant had marked as Defendants' Exhibits 2, 3 and 4 for identification three white cards containing information identical to the information contained on People's Exhibit 2 and all bearing the number 6927. In his cross-examination of various witnesses for the prosecution appellant showed one or more of the aforesaid defendants' exhibits to the witnesses and inquired of them as to whether or not they were the same as or identical to the cards used at the Caravelle Motel. Mrs. Sanders, the day desk clerk at the motel, testified that the registration cards on the desk were in numerical sequence and there was only one card bearing the number 6927. She further testified that Defendants' Exhibits 2, 3 and 4 were all numbered 6927 and were identical to People's Exhibit 2. Appellant then turned to the prosecutor and asked the number written on People's Exhibit 2. After being told it was 6927, appellant replied: "I'm not surprised." On cross-examination of Romeo Torsiello, manager of the motel, appellant elicited testimony as to extra registration cards which were kept on the desk. Also during cross-examination by appellant Anthony Kozie, a part-time desk clerk, was shown Defendants' Exhibit 4 and stated that the number was identical to that on People's Exhibit 2. Appellant then asked the witness detailed questions as to the difference between Defendants' Exhibits 4 and 11, the latter being a card used in the registration system installed long subsequent to the day of the raid.
Subsequently, the prosecution called as a witness one James Leahy, president of the American Hotel Registry Company, who stated that at appellant's request he printed six cards similar to those used by the Caravelle Motel but refused appellant's request to print the number 6927 thereon. Only after this testimony was elicited did appellant tell the court outside the presence of the jury that at his direction the number 6927 was placed upon the cards, and that it was his intention to show how easy it was to print the number on the cards (a point which he never made to the jury). Sergeant Moran, of the Sheriff's Police, was called as a court's witness and testified that he picked up six cards from Leahy and delivered them to appellant.
The trial judge was led to believe that Defendants' Exhibits 2, 3 and 4 were those cards referred to by appellant in his opening argument, stating:
That the purpose of this was to attempt to show this jury, in line with the Opening Statement made by Mr. Dunagan, that cards No. 6927 was a card, a large supply of which were kept at the motel and used by various guests and to leave this jury and this court with the impression that there were numbers of cards 6927 in this place. At no time did Mr. Dunagan make known to the court or to anyone else, to my knowledge, that Defendants' Exhibits 2, 3 and 4 were, in fact, evidence which he had manufactured for use in this case. And the sole purpose, so far as the court is concerned, for the use of these cards, was to leave this jury and this court with the impression that 6927 was a card of one of a number of cards which were used by the motel of which there is no proof in this case.
That People's Exhibit No. 2, which the State alleges is a card actually used by the motel and identified by the witness Leahy as such, is somewhat different from Defendants' Exhibit 11, which is also, evidently, a card used by the motel. That the number on People's Exhibit 2 is "6927" and that the number on Defendants' Exhibit 11 is "26002"; and, according to the testimony of the witness Leahy, is one of a batch of cards which was printed some time long after the events in this case had come about. That the only difference in the cards appears to be that the numbering machine used on People's Exhibit 2 and Defendants' Exhibit 11 is different.
In his order the trial judge stated that over objection he allowed the line of cross-examination followed by appellant because he was "under the impression that the cards were legitimate items of evidence which were designed to assist ...