Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County, Criminal
Division; the Hon. DAVID A. CANEL, Judge, presiding. Judgments in
indictments Nos. 61-353 and 61-356 reversed and causes remanded
MR. JUSTICE SCHWARTZ DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.
This is an appeal from judgments resentencing the defendant to the penitentiary pursuant to an order of the Supreme Court in a prior appeal. People v. Wesley, 30 Ill.2d 131, 195 N.E.2d 708 (1964). In 1961 the defendant, who was 16 years old at the time of the trial, was found guilty on five separate indictments and sentenced as follows:
Indictment No. 61-353 Rape ..... Life Imprisonment.
" " 61-354 Armed Robbery ...... 10 Years to Life.
" " 61-355 Assault with Intent to Murder ....................... 5 to 10 years.
" " 61-356 Rape .............. 35 years.
" " 61-357 Armed Robbery ....... 5 to 20 years, (to run consecutively to the first four sentences).
The statute in effect at that time required that defendants under the age of 17 be committed to the Illinois Youth Commission for the offenses of armed robbery and assault, but it permitted sentencing to the penitentiary for the crime of rape. *fn1 The sentences imposed by the trial court in Indictments No. 61-354, 61-355 and 61-357 were therefore erroneous. On appeal to the Supreme Court the State confessed error and the court reversed all five judgments and remanded the cause to the trial court for "proper sentencing." People v. Wesley, supra. In 1964, when the defendant was 19 years old, the trial court resentenced him to the penitentiary on the charges of rape, as in 1961, and committed him to the Youth Commission on the other charges. In 1963, however, the law had been amended to provide that offenders under the age of 17 for boys and 18 for girls should be committed to the Youth Commission regardless of the nature of the crime. *fn2 Defendant now contends that the trial court should have resentenced him to the Youth Commission on all five charges. He further contends that as the limit of age for sentencing to the Youth Commission is now 21 (Ill Rev Stat, ch 23, Sec 2523 (1965)) and as the defendant is now over 21, the court has no power to do anything but discharge him.
The first question is whether the court acted properly in applying the law as it existed at the time of the original trial or whether it was bound by the statute as amended. In People v. Hansen, 28 Ill.2d 322, 192 N.E.2d 359, the court dealt with this problem, but the facts differed in that the judgment had been entered before the new law took effect. The court stated, at 341:
"Judgment and sentence here were pronounced prior to the effective date of the new Code, which incorporates by reference section 4 of the Statutory Construction Act, (Ill Rev Stat, 1961, chap 38, 34-3,) which provides that a punishment mitigated by a new law is applicable only to judgments after the new law takes effect. Ill Rev Stats, 1961, chap 131, par 4."
The judgments in the instant case having been rendered after the amended statute had become effective, the trial court should have applied the new law and sentenced the defendant to the Youth Commission for all of his offenses.
The State points out that defendant was 19 years old at the time of resentencing and therefore was too old to be sent to the Youth Commission. In People v. Carr, 23 Ill.2d 103, 177 N.E.2d 361, the trial court sentenced to the penitentiary an offender who was 17 years old at the time of the trial, but only 16 years old when the crime was committed. The Illinois Supreme Court reversed the sentence and remanded the case with directions to commit the defendant to the Youth Commission, despite the fact that at the date of filing of the opinion the defendant was almost 19 years old. The court said, at 105:
"The purpose of the Youth Commission is to reform the young offender, and that may still be accomplished although the defendant is a year older on the date that he comes under its care."
It would therefore have been proper for the trial court in the case before us to resentence the defendant to the Youth Commission, although had he been 19 at the time of the trial, he ...