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Lake State Engineering Co. v. Ind. Com.

OPINION FILED SEPTEMBER 29, 1964.

LAKE STATE ENGINEERING CO., APPELLANT,

v.

THE INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION ET AL. — (ANTON ZUPAN, APPELLEE.)



APPEAL from the Circuit Court of Cook County; the Hon. CHARLES S. DOUGHERTY, Judge, presiding.

MR. JUSTICE HERSHEY DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:

Rehearing denied November 23, 1964.

The Lake State Engineering Company filed its petition for writ of error for review of an order of the circuit court and of the Industrial Commission finding that Anton Zupan, hereafter referred to as employee, sustained accidental injuries at Muncie, Indiana, on the 12th day of February, 1960, while he was an employee of the petitioner, and awarding him 46 weeks of temporary total disability at $48 per week, and $48 per week for 110 weeks for permanent injury. The evidence at the hearing disclosed that the injuries sustained on February 12, 1960, caused the loss of the use of the right leg to the extent of 35% and of the use of the left leg to the extent of 25%.

The employer, the petitioner herein, filed its petition for review, and the case was argued orally before the Industrial Commission, which affirmed the decision of the arbitrator. The circuit court, on certiorari filed by the employer, affirmed the decision. From this decision the employer filed its petition for writ of error.

The employee claims he fell on his back while working at the Navy Pier in Chicago on July 15, 1959, while working for the employer. He saw a physician thereafter, lost three days from his work and then continued to work although he suffered pain in his back and legs.

He also claims that on February 12, 1960, while he was lifting outrigger pads for the same employer in Muncie, Indiana, he felt a severe pain in his back as he bent over.

He left the employment of his employer on March 16, 1960. Whereupon his employer began to pay weekly compensation benefits of $48. Surgery was performed on his back on April 1, 1960.

The employee, on December 27, 1960, filed an application for adjustment of claim with the Industrial Commission, alleging an accidental injury to his back and legs on July 15, 1960, at Navy Pier. On January 30, 1961, the employer issued the last check as compensation in the amount of $48 which was received and paid on February 7, 1961. On March 21, 1961, an amended application for adjustment of claim was filed, under the same Industrial Commission number, changing the date of the accident to July 15, 1959.

On February 19, 1962, the employee appeared before an arbitrator of the Illinois Industrial Commission and moved for leave to amend the amended application for adjustment of claim on its face. Over the objection of counsel for the employer leave to amend was granted and the amended application for adjustment of claim was then amended by substituting February 12, 1960, as the date of the accident and by alleging for the first time that the accident occurred in Muncie, Indiana.

Section 6(c) of the Workmen's Compensation Act provides that unless an application for adjustment of claim is filed within a year after the date of accident, where no compensation has been paid, or within one year after the last payment of compensation, where any has been paid, the right to file such application is barred. The employer contends that inasmuch as more than a year had elapsed since payment of compensation at the time when the employee appeared before the arbitrator and moved for leave to file amended application for adjustment of claim, (February 19, 1962) the right to file such application is barred, citing Railway Express Agency v. Industrial Com. 415 Ill. 294. The employer raised the question of limitation to the motion to amend the amended application and expressly stated at the hearing before the arbitrator that it did not waive this defense by participating in the hearing. The employer contended that the arbitrator first should hear and determine only the evidence germane to the limitation question before going into the other issues. The employer further argued that the application for adjustment must reasonably describe the occurrence and that the amendment of February 19, 1962, described for the first time a separate and different transaction from that described in the original and amended application, and occurred in a different State as well. To this contention the counsel for the employee replied that the proof would show an accident in July, 1959, and also a subsequent accident which aggravated the same condition for which the original claim was filed.

The arbitrator thereupon made a statement that the ruling on limitation would be reserved until after the conclusion of the evidence and advised the attorney for the employer that he could renew his objection at the end of the testimony, and that the employee's rights would likewise be reserved. Also, the arbitrator stated that participation by the employer would not waive his objection that the employee's

A stipulation was thereupon entered into by the parties as follows: that the employer was under the act; that an employment relationship existed between the parties; that the employee earned $8320 during the preceding year; that he had two children under 18; that the employer provided medical services and paid $2208 at the rate of $48 per week from March 16, 1960 to January 31, 1961.

The questions which remained in dispute were whether on February 12, 1960, the employee sustained accidental injuries which arose out of and in the course of his employment, whether notice of said alleged accident was given the employer within the time required under the provisions of said act, and the nature and extent of the alleged injury.

The employer here contends, and there is no other dispute between the parties, that the application for compensation must be filed with the Industrial Commission within one year after the date of the accident where no compensation has been paid, or within one year after the date of the last payment of compensation, when compensation has been paid, in order that such application ...


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