Appeal from the Superior Court of Cook County; the Hon.
RAYMOND P. DRYMALSKI, Judge, presiding. Order reversed and cause
remanded with directions.
MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE BRYANT DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
This case arose on a motion by the defendant to terminate payments of alimony to his ex-wife. It is his theory that since the entry of the decree of divorce, the circumstances of the parties have changed to such an extent that he is entitled to the requested relief. This appeal is taken from an order denying that motion.
On February 8, 1961, a decree of divorce was entered whereby, pursuant to an agreement between the parties, the defendant was directed to pay to the plaintiff $55 per week for the support of the one child born of the marriage and $55 per week alimony until her remarriage. At that time, as at the present time, defendant earned a net salary of $182 per week. Plaintiff has greatly stressed the fact that, at the present time, defendant is the recipient of an expense account and the owner of an expensive automobile, purchased by his employer, for his use as a traveling salesman. However, she has not alleged that he did not receive the expense account and was not provided with an automobile at the time the divorce decree was entered. Therefore, we must assume that his net salary has not changed since that time.
Defendant's claim for relief sounds in the proposition that his ex-wife's financial condition has been greatly improved in view of the fact that subsequent to the divorce, she obtained steady and gainful employment whereby she is now receiving a net salary of $75 per week. This $75 plus the $110 which she receives from the defendant for the support of herself and the child gives her a weekly net income of $185, whereas the defendant has a weekly net income of only $72 after paying the above-mentioned $110 to plaintiff.
There is no question but that the court is empowered to alter the alimony provisions of a divorce decree if a change of circumstances so warrants. Ill Rev Stats 1961, c 40, § 19 provides, inter alia:
"The court may, on application, from time to time, make such alterations in the allowance of alimony and maintenance, and the care, custody and support of the children, as shall appear reasonable and proper."
See also MacKinlay v. MacKinlay, 18 Ill. App.2d 355, 152 N.E.2d 213; Larson v. Larson, 21 Ill. App.2d 264, 157 N.E.2d 689; Mayes v. Mayes, 23 Ill. App.2d 513, 163 N.E.2d 235.
Plaintiff contends that in considering whether or not the award of alimony should be modified, this court must consider the familiar rule laid down in Arnold v. Arnold, 332 Ill. App. 586, 76 N.E.2d 335, to the effect that a divorced husband is obligated to maintain his ex-wife in the standard of living to which he had accustomed her and that if the alimony award is modified, in this case, plaintiff will be relegated to a lower standard of living.
We agree with plaintiff that this rule must be considered, but it is, by no means, the sole determining factor in the allotment of alimony. The test for determining the proper amount of alimony has been set forth in Byerly v. Byerly, 363 Ill. 517, at page 525, 2 N.E.2d 898:
"There is no hard and fast rule for the fixing of alimony. Matters which are usually considered by the court in determining alimony are the ages of the parties, their condition of health, the property and income of the husband, separate property and income, if any, of the wife, the station in life of the parties as they have heretofore lived, . . . . If the circumstances of the parties change, upon proper showing the court may increase or decrease the amount of alimony as conditions may warrant."
See also Gilbert v. Gilbert, 305 Ill. 216, 137 N.E. 99; Cahill v. Cahill, 316 Ill. App. 324, 45 N.E.2d 69; Bandy v. Bandy, 326 Ill. App. 55, 61 N.E.2d 586.
Even more germane to the issue in the case at bar is the rule set forth in Cahill v. Cahill, 316 Ill. App. 324, 336, 45 N.E.2d 69:
"The law is well established that where both the wife and husband are in receipt of income, the income of the wife as well as that of the husband must be taken into consideration in determining the amount of alimony the divorced husband must pay his former wife."
At the time the divorce decree was entered the plaintiff was not gainfully employed and she was under no obligation to seek employment either for the purpose of supplementing or reducing defendant's alimony payments. See Arnold v. Arnold, 332 Ill. App. 568, 76 N.E.2d 335. Nevertheless, when she voluntarily obtained employment, she effected a substantial change in her financial circumstances. The rule in respect to circumstances ...