Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Mohler v. United States

January 4, 1963


Author: Hastings

Before HASTINGS, Chief Judge, KILEY, Circuit Judge, and GRUBB, District Judge.

HASTINGS, Chief Judge.

Chester Lee Mohler, appellant, filed two separate motions to vacate his sentence and set aside a judgment of conviction pursuant to Title 28 U.S.C.A. § 2255. These motions were filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois, the court in which he was sentenced.

Following review of a transcript of the proceedings leading to appellant's conviction, together with the two motions for relief, the district court denied each petition, without a hearing. The denials were each accompanied by an extended written memorandum of the trial court giving in detail its reasons for such actions. We hold that the orders entered by the district court were well considered and should be affirmed.

The record shows that appellant was arrested for a traffic violation in Cairo, Illinois on Friday, March 17, 1961, at about 11:00 o'clock P.M. He was taken into custody by the city police along with his companion, Jack Carter. Subsequent to his arrest, the police found certain counterfeit bills in his possession and on Carter, together with more counterfeit money in appellant's suitcase.

The next morning, Saturday, March 18, 1961, he was taken before a Justice of the Peace in Cairo on the traffic charge and entered a plea of not guilty. That afternoon a United States Secret Service Agent arrived and interrogated appellant for about three hours. Appellant was held by the city police at the request of the Secret Service Agent, awaiting arrival of a United States Marshal.

On the same day, the Agent went before the United States Commissioner in Cairo and made a complaint against appellant. The Commissioner thereupon issued a warrant for appellant's arrest directed to United States Marshal. Contrary to the allegations in appellant's motion, this warrant was received by the Marshal in Cairo and not in East St. Louis, Illinois on Monday, March 20, 1961. It was executed by the Marshal on the same day by taking appellant into custody in Cairo and transporting him to East St. Louis for arraignment before a United States Commissioner on the afternoon of the same day the arrest was made by the federal official.

Appellant claims in his first motion for relief that by virtue of the foregoing circumstances he was deprived of his constitutional right to a speedy trial by failure of the federal officers to comply with Rule 5(a), Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, 18 U.S.C.A.*fn1

The first arrest of appellant was admittedly made on Friday, March 17, 1961 by the Cairo city police on a traffic charge, and he was held in their custody until his subsequent arrest by the federal officer on Monday, March 20, 1961. On the latter day, he was promptly taken before a Commissioner for arraignment. There is no showing that he was denied any federal constitutional right in this sequence of events.

Further, the record is devoid of any claim by appellant that he was ever interrogated during the time between his arrest by the federal officer and arraignment or that he ever made a confession or was otherwise coerced in any manner to his subsequent disadvantage. As the district court observed, any delay between arrest and arraignment was occasioned by transportation required because of the 145-mile distance between Cairo and East St. Louis.

We agree with the district court that there is no showing of a denial of appellant's constitutional right to a speedy trial. The order denying appellant's first petition without a hearing is affirmed. Muldrow v. United States, 9 Cir., 281 F.2d 903 (1960); Williams v. United States, 9 Cir., 273 F.2d 781 (1959).

The district court granted appellant leave to file a second § 2255 motion in forma pauperis. In this motion, appellant charges that his federal constitutional rights were violated in that the district court appointed the same counsel to represent him and his co-defendant Carter in the proceedings in that court. He further alleges he was not aware of his right to separate counsel, if he so desired.

The district court, before whom these proceedings took place, again reviewed the transcript of such proceedings. It appears that appellant and Carter were both before the court for waiver and arraignment on March 28, 1961. At their request, counsel (one lawyer) was appointed by the court to represent them.

There was no objection by appellant or his co-defendant to the appointment by the court of the same counsel to represent them. Further, there was no showing of any conflict ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.