United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois, E.D
March 15, 1962
WALTER A. KULIK ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
SUPERIOR PIPE SPECIALTIES CO., A CORPORATION, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Miner, District Judge.
This matter having been fully tried before the Court, and the
Court having read the pleadings filed herein by the respective
parties, and the Court having heard and examined all the
testimony, documents and exhibits presented by the respective
parties and admitted into evidence, and the Court having heard
and considered the arguments submitted by counsel in support of
their respective positions, and the Court being fully advised,
the Court hereby enters its Findings of Fact and Conclusions of
Law as follows:
FINDINGS OF FACT
1. This is a civil proceeding brought by plaintiffs under the
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (29 U.S.C.A. § 201
et seq., hereinafter referred to as the "Act") for overtime
compensation, liquidated damages, and attorneys' fees.
2. Defendant, Superior Pipe Specialties Co., is and during the
period involved herein was a corporation organized under the laws
of the State of Illinois, and maintaining its office and place of
business in Cicero, Illinois.
3. During the period involved in this action, defendant was
substantially engaged in the manufacture, sale and distribution
of pipe and pipe products in interstate commerce.
4. All of the plaintiffs, except Sam Beavers, were employed by,
and performed services for the defendant, during some or all of
the periods in question, in the processing, fabricating,
manufacturing and handling of defendant's products for interstate
5. During workweeks in which plaintiffs worked over 40 hours,
defendant failed to pay plaintiffs, for each hour worked over 40,
an amount equal to one and one-half times their respective
regular hourly rates for a normal forty hour non-overtime
6. Defendant compensated all the said plaintiffs for workweeks
in excess of 45 hours at one and one-half times rates which were
less than the respective regular rates paid plaintiffs for a 40
hour non-overtime workweek.
7. The actual payment practice adopted by defendant for the
period in question, and for the period since prior to 1950,
consisted of the payment of hourly rates which varied with the
scheduled number of hours in a workweek. The hourly rate,
calculated by including therein payments characterized by
defendant as "extra or bonus payments," was lowest for workweeks
scheduled at 52 hours, and higher for workweeks scheduled between
40 hours to 45 hours.
8. There is no evidence in the record that the payment practice
of the defendant was part of a scheme or device devised by
defendant to evade the obligations of the Fair Labor Standards
9. The names of the plaintiffs and the amounts by which they
have been underpaid for the period between February 15, 1957 and
the date of filing of the Complaint herein, November 12, 1958,
from plaintiffs' Exh. 2 in evidence, are as follows:
Willie Cotton $181.44
Leepolian McCraven 174.90
Wales Wallace 188.55
H.C. Threatt 22.60
Bodie Frazier 73.19
Daniel J. Nichols 228.70
Eulois Singleton 102.45
Dmitro Fidchechen 191.85
Willie Clyde Posey 74.31
William J. Jones 121.35
George Greenberry 80.71
Lee Edgar Kidd 191.85
Walter A. Kulik 126.93
T.S. Lathon 85.50
Dmitri Macovei 75.40
John Lewis 154.43
Sam Beavers (Did not work during this period)
10. Appended to the Complaint at the time of filing was a
typewritten document, not signed by plaintiffs and designated
"Schedule A", purporting to constitute consents in writing by
plaintiffs to become parties to this suit.
11. Consents in writing by plaintiffs, signed by plaintiffs,
were filed in this Court appended to an Amended Complaint on
February 19, 1960.
12. Statutory benefits attributable to the period from February
19, 1958 (two years immediately preceding the date of filing of
the Amended Complaint and signed consents), to November 12, 1958
(the last date to which statutory benefits are claimed and have
been shown by plaintiffs), may be computed by determining the
proportion which the said period bears to the entire period for
which plaintiffs claim the benefit of the Act.
13. The approximate proportion which the period from February
19, 1958 (two years preceding the date of filing of the Amended
Complaint and signed consents), to November 12, 1958, bears to
the period from February 15, 1957 (the date from which plaintiffs
claimed statutory benefits in their original Complaint) to
November 12, 1958, is 8 to 21, or approximately 38%.
14. Application of the proportion and percentage specified in
finding 13 to the amounts by which plaintiffs were underpaid, as
set forth in finding 9, for the period to November 12, 1958,
results in the following:
Willie Cotton $68.95
Leepolian McCraven 66.46
Wales Wallace 71.65
H.C. Threatt 8.59
Bodie Frazier 27.81
Daniel J. Nichols 86.91
Eulois Singleton 38.93
Dmitro Fidchechen 72.90
Willie Clyde Posey 28.24
William J. Jones 46.11
George Greenberry 30.67
Lee Edgar Kidd 72.90
Walter A. Kulik 48.23
T.S. Lathon 32.49
Dmitri Macovei 28.65
John Lewis 58.68
CONCLUSIONS OF LAW
1. This Court has jurisdiction over the subject matter and the
parties involved in this litigation (29 U.S.C.A. § 216(c)).
2. Defendant was, during the period involved in this action, an
employer within the meaning of the Act.
3. Plaintiffs, by virtue of the work performed for the
defendant, were engaged in the production of goods for commerce
and therefore were subject to the Act.
4. Defendant violated the provisions of the Act by employing
plaintiffs in the production of goods for commerce for more than
40 hours in a workweek without compensating each of them at a
rate of pay not less than one and one-half times the regular rate
of pay for a 40 hour workweek.
5. Failure to file with this Court plaintiffs' consents in
writing to become parties to this suit until February 19, 1960,
bars recovery for any period prior to February 19, 1958. The
filing does not relate back to the date when the original
Complaint was filed with a typewritten document, not signed by
plaintiffs, purporting to constitute the consents required by
29 U.S.C.A. §§ 216(b) and 256.
6. The "consent in writing to become such a party", referred to
in 29 U.S.C.A. § 216(b), and the "written consent to become a
party plaintiff" referred to in 29 U.S.C.A. § 256(a), is a
document signed by the person whose consent it purports to be.
7. No document with the name of a person typewritten thereon
satisfies the requirement of 29 U.S.C.A. § 256, unless the
typewritten name is proved to be the signature of and by that
8. When plaintiffs show they have been deprived of pay or other
benefits accruing pursuant to statute or contract over a period
of time, and when by application of a statutory or contractual
provision the period for which plaintiffs may recover is shorter
than the period for which plaintiffs have shown unpaid accrued
benefits, the Court may (in the absence of proof of the specific
amount of loss attributable to the period as so limited or of
other factors requiring a different allocation) compute the
amount of defendant's liability by
(a) determining the proportion which the limited period bears
to the entire period for which benefits have been shown to be due
but for the limiting provision, and
(b) applying that proportion (or the percentage it represents)
to the amount of benefits shown to have accrued over the entire
9. Plaintiffs are entitled to judgment in the respective
amounts set forth in finding of fact 13 herein.
10. Defendants are entitled to the benefit allowed by
29 U.S.C.A. § 260, and the Court hereby determines that no
liquidated damages shall be awarded plaintiffs in this cause.
11. Plaintiffs shall be awarded judgment in the amount of
$350.00 as and for attorneys' fees pursuant to 29 U.S.C.A. §
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