Appeal from the Circuit Court of Christian county; the Hon.
F.R. DOVE, Judge, presiding. Reversed and remanded.
JUDGE CARROLL DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT.
Luella George, deceased, appointed Glenn Haines, Jr., plaintiff herein, to be the executor of her Will. The instrument, which was witnessed by Homer D. McLaren, an attorney, and two other persons, contained the following provision: "It is my Will that Homer D. McLaren, attorney, be the attorney for said executor." The executor complied with this direction in the Will and engaged McLaren as his attorney.
The County Court of Christian County admitted the Will to probate upon a hearing at which McLaren and one of the other attesting witnesses testified. In his final report the plaintiff asked to be credited with the sum of $1,500 paid to Homer D. McLaren for attorney's fees. The appellants, herein referred to as defendants, who are incompetent beneficiaries under the Will acting through a guardian ad litem appointed in their behalf, filed an objection to the allowance of the fees paid to the attorney for the executor.
The County Court sustained defendants' objection to the report and ordered the executor to restate his account. An appeal from this order was taken to the Circuit Court of Christian County resulting in the entry of an order overruling defendants' objection and approving the final report of the executor. From the order of the Circuit Court this appeal has been perfected.
It is the contention of defendants that by reason of the provisions of the Probate Act the attorney for the executor was not entitled to receive the fee paid to him by such executor.
Section 44 of the Probate Act (Par. 195, Chap. 3, Revised Statutes of Illinois 1953) provides as follows:
"If any beneficial devise, legacy, or interest is given in a will to a person attesting its execution or to his spouse, the devise, legacy, or interest is void as to that beneficiary and all persons claiming under him, unless the will is otherwise duly attested by a sufficient number of witnesses as provided by this Article exclusive of that person; and he may be compelled to testify as if the devise, legacy, or interest had not been given. But the beneficiary is entitled to receive so much of the devise, legacy, or interest given to him by the will as does not exceed the value of the share of the testator's estate to which he would be entitled were the will not established."
The reasonableness of the fee charged does not appear to be challenged. Accordingly, the sole question requiring decision on this appeal is whether an attorney, who is employed by the executor pursuant to a direction in a Will, is precluded from receiving compensation for services rendered to such executor.
Prior to the adoption of the Probate Act of 1939, the substance of the above provision was included in the Statute of Wills as Section 8 thereof (Sec. 8, Chap. 148, Illinois Revised Statutes 1933). In Scott v. O'Connor-Couch, 271 Ill. 395, the Supreme Court interpreted the meaning and effect of such section and said:
"In the revision of 1872 a provision of the Revised Statutes of 1845 was brought forward as section 8 of the Statute of Wills. It removed the incompetency of a witness to the execution of a will to whom any beneficial devise, legacy or interest was made or given by the will, and provided that such witness should be compellable to appear and give testimony on the residue of the will in like manner as if no such devise or bequest had been made, but the devise, legacy or interest was declared to be null and void unless the will had been duly attested by a sufficient number of witnesses exclusive of such person, saving, however, to the witness any share of the testator's estate not exceeding the value of the devise or bequest to which the witness would have been entitled if the will was not established. That section of the Statute of Wills was regarded by this court as remedial and its purpose and effect were explained in Jones v. Grieser, 238 Ill. 183."
In Jones v. Grieser, to which the Court referred in the Scott case, the Court states the purpose of the enactment of said Section 8 to be as follows:
"The section of the statute above referred to was passed solely with a view to prevent the destruction of a will which would otherwise be a valid will except that the will, as executed, contained some provision which made its establishment according to the forms of law necessary by the calling of witnesses who took some interest under the will. If the incompetency of the witnesses existed outside of the fact that the will gave them a beneficial interest in the testator's estate, section 8 of the Wills act does not remove the incompetency of the witnesses to the will. If, however, the incompetency of the witness arises by the act of attesting a will which gives the witness some interest in the testator's estate, the statute does apply, and under that section of the statute, while the witness cannot take under the will, nevertheless he may be called and the will established by his evidence.
"The statute uses the words `devise, legacy or interest.' The word `interest,' therefore, must be given some force and effect, and, as applied to a case like this, it clearly designates the interest created in the attesting witness by his being named as executor in the will, that is, the interest which the witness receives as executor. The courts, in construing a statute, should give force and effect to all the language of the statute."
The above interpretation of this Statute was applied in the case of In re Estate of Cohen, 279 Ill. App. 605. In that case the Will contained a provision directing the executor to employ one Raymond Kelner as his attorney to assist in the administration of the estate. Kelner was also a witness to the execution of the Will. It was contended that Kelner by reason of the provisions of the Will directing his employment as attorney for the executor became a party in interest and as such was disqualified as a witness. The Appellate Court held Kelner to be a ...