The opinion of the court was delivered by: Platt, District Judge.
The defendant Edward L. Smith was indicted for violation of
Sec. 462, Title 50 U.S.C.A.Appendix. He waived jury trial in
writing. The selective service board classified him 1-O
(Conscientious Objector) and ordered him to report for duty at
the Kankakee State Hospital, Kankakee, Illinois. It was
stipulated that he reported but refused to perform the work
required of him by the board's order.
The selective service file which was admitted in evidence,
discloses that he was first classified 1-A on June 14, 1949. His
questionnaire stated that he was a Junior Pressman employed by
the Chicago Herald American and worked an average of 43 hours per
week. On January 15, 1951, he was given a physical examination
and was found acceptable for induction. In February, 1951 in a
"Statement on Dependents" he claimed an exemption on the ground
of dependency, for the reason that his mother was ill. After a
hearing in March, 1951 no summary was made of the evidence but
Mr. Smith was granted 60 days postponement of induction. On June
24, 1951, Mr. Smith wrote the board stating that there was no
improvement in his mother's condition. The board replied on June
29, 1951, requesting that Smith's mother consult another doctor
and then present a statement as to her condition and probable
length of time it would require for her to regain her normal good
health. The board received no answer and again on July 27, 1951,
wrote Mr. Smith as to the condition of his mother. August 1,
1951, Smith replied that his mother consulted another doctor and
he would forward the report within a week. He requested that his
file be sent to the appeal board. The doctor's report was
received on August 22, 1951, August 23, 1951, Mr. Smith was
classified 3-A for 90 days, which delayed his induction to
November 23, 1951.
November 7, 1951, Mr. Smith requested a conscientious
objector's form and returned it to the board. He again listed his
employment by the Chicago Herald American. December 6, 1951, the
board classified Mr. Smith 1-O (Conscientious Objector).
Mr. Smith notified the board December 16, 1951, he would appeal
his 1-O classification because he was entitled to a ministerial
classification. On June 4, 1952, the appeal board classified
Smith 1-O. November 5, 1952, Mr. Smith wrote the board a letter
stating that he was engaged in ministry work, and that he also
had a secular job to maintain a living to support himself and his
mother. January 15, 1953, Mr. Smith again appeared before the
board to determine what civilian assignment he should have.
Smith was again given a physical examination on May 14, 1953,
and was found acceptable for induction. His report of medical
history which he compiled himself, listed his occupation as a
He again wrote the board June 18, 1953 that he would become a
minister of Jehovah God and be associated with the Watchtower
Bible and Tract Society. He had been ordained in the sight of
Jehovah God on December 16, 1951. He engaged in door to door
ministry. He would be appointed a pioneer or minister on June 22,
1953. September 3, 1953, Mr. Smith was notified by letter that it
was the unanimous opinion of the board that Smith's letter of
June 18, 1953 would not require the reopening of his case.
Mr. Smith was ordered September 4, 1953 to report for civilian
work at Kankakee State Hospital on September 18, 1953. On
September 7, 1953, Mr. Smith wrote the board that he was then a
full time minister and was able to be recognized as such under
the supervision of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society.
September 10, 1952, Mr. Smith was notified by State Headquarters
of the Selective Service System his file had been reviewed and he
had been classified 1-O. On November 26, 1953, Mr. Smith again
wrote the board appealing his classification in favor of 4-D and
enclosed a document entitled Pioneer Appointment, dated October
The defendant maintains he is not guilty as charged in the
indictment for the following reasons:
1. There is no summary of the hearing before the board on March
15, 1951, when Mr. Smith appeared before the board.
2. The local board should have continued Mr. Smith's
classification 3-A in accordance with Section 1622.30(b) of the
3. The local board refused to reopen the case of the defendant
for reconsideration of his classification as a minister of
religion after notice that the defendant was a pioneer minister
operating under the direction of the Watchtower Bible and Tract
Society, and thereby violated the defendant's rights.
4. The imposition of work in the State Hospital not under
control of the federal government is in violation of the
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
The first point made by the defendant that a summary of the
March, 1951 meeting was not in the file, does not justify an
acquittal under the facts here. The regulation 1624.2(b) at that
time provided in part:
"The registrant may present such further
information as he believes will assist the local
board in determining his proper classification. Such
information shall be in writing, or, if oral, shall
be summarized in writing and, in either event ...