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Morgan v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

April 22, 1939

MORGAN
v.
COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE.



Petition for Review of Decisions of the United States Board of Tax Appeals.

Author: Treanor

Before EVANS and TREANOR, Circuit Judges, and LINDLEY, District Judge.

TREANOR, Circuit Judge.

Petitioner seeks a review of a decision of the United States Board of Tax Appeals affirming the determination by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue of a deficiency in the estate tax liability of the estate of decedent, Elizabeth S. Morgan. The asserted deficiency resulted from the inclusion in the value of the gross estate of decedent the value of certain property in respect to which the decedent held powers of appointment, which powers she had exercised by her last will.

The Commissioner's action was predicated upon the following provisions of the Revenue Act:*fn1

"Sec. 302 [ ยง 411]. The value of the gross estate of the decedent shall be determined by including the value at the time of his death of all property, real or personal, tangible or intangible, wherever situated * * * -

"(f) To the extent of any property passing under a general power of appointment exercised by the decedent (1) by will * * * ."

The decedent died testate in 1933 while a citizen of the United States and a resident of the state of Wisconsin, and the petitioner is the duly appointed executor of her last will and testament. Decedent's father, by his will and several codicils thereto, created a trust for the benefit of his children. The trust estate was divided into nine parts, the part numbered five being conveyed in trust for decedent's benefit as follows:

"Item Fifteen: I direct said trustees to pay to my daughter Elizabeth S. Morgan annually the net annual income from part numbered five (5) into which my trustees shall have divided my estate * * *

"I give, devise and bequeath to the appointee or appointees of my daughter Elizabeth S. Morgan by her last will and testament all property of any nature and kind in the hands of my said trustees at the time of her death constituting said part five (5) * * * "

Shortly before his death the father of decedent executed a deed of trust to continue for a period of 21 years after his death. The trust property was divided into parts and one part was allocated to each beneficiary. The following provisions of the deed of trust relate to decedent:

"7. After my death and during the continuance of the trust hereby created, said Trustees shall pay annually to my daughter Elizabeth S. Morgan the net annual income from said part numbered five (5).

"If my daughter Elizabeth S. Morgan shall be living at the time of the termination of this trust, said Trustees shall transfer to her all property then in their possession constituting said part five (5).

"If my daughter Elizabeth S. Morgan shall die prior to the termination of said trust, then said Trustees shall pay annually the net annual income from said part five (5) to such person or persons as she may appoint by her last will and testament duly admitted to probate, and at the termination of this trust said Trustees shall transfer the property then in their possession ...


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