ERROR TO THE CITY COURT OF NEW YORK.
MR. JUSTICE LAMAR delivered the opinion of the court.
This writ of error brings before the court for review a judgment of the Court of Common Pleas for the city and county of New York, affirming, on appeal, a judgment of the City Court of New York. The former is, under the New York Code of Civil Procedure, the highest court of the State to which a decision of the latter court may, as a matter of right, be carried by appeal for reversal or affirmance. The Federal question involved relates to the construction of the Bankrupt Act of March 2, 1867.
On the 18th of June, 1877, the defendants in error filed in the Marine Court of the city of New York, now known as the City Court of New York, a complaint against William P. Abendroth, John Griffith and George W. Wundram, in which they alleged "that at the times hereinafter mentioned the defendants were co-partners in business, carrying on such business in the city of New York under the firm name and style of Griffith & Wundram; that on or about the 7th day of August, 1872, at the city of New York, the said defendants, in and under their said firm name of Griffith & Wundram, made their certain promissory note in writing, bearing date on that day, whereby they promised, three months after the date thereof, to pay to the order of Van Dolsen & Arnott, these plaintiffs, the sum of nine hundred 32/100 dollars, and thereupon delivered said note to these plaintiffs; that plaintiffs are the holders and owners of said note, and the said note is wholly unpaid; wherefore plaintiffs demand judgment against the defendants for the sum of nine hundred 32/100 dollars, with interest from the 10th day of November, 1872, and for the costs of this action."
The defendant Abendroth alone appeared and filed his answer, which, after denying the partnership as alleged in the complaint, set up as a further defence that it was a limited partnership under the name of Griffith & Wundram, of which Griffith and Wundram were the general partners and he a special partner only, and as such special partner entitled, under the statutes of New York, to exemption from liability for engagements of the firm as a general partner.
For a third defence he pleaded, in bar and abatement, that, prior to the commencement of the suit, certain bankruptcy proceedings had been instituted in the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York, in bankruptcy, wherein an adjudication of bankruptcy of the said firm of Griffith & Wundram was duly rendered by said court, and wherein it was also declared and adjudged that said John Griffith and George W. Wundram, the bankrupts in said bankruptcy, were the general partners, and the defendant, Abendroth, was the special partner thereof.
The case was tried before a jury, which, under the direction of the court, found in favor of the plaintiffs for the amount claimed, with interest, and judgment was entered accordingly. Upon appeal the judgment was affirmed. To reverse that affirmance this writ of error was sued out.
From the evidence in this case it appears that, on the 23d of December, 1870, Abendroth, Griffith and Wundram formed a limited partnership under the statutes of New York, under the firm name of Griffith & Wundram, in which Griffith and Wundram were designated the general partners and Abendroth the special partner. All the requirements of the statute, as to the signing and publication of the articles, filing of the certificate and affidavit and publishing the same, were strictly complied with, except that the capital contributed by the special partner was not paid in cash, as stated in the affidavit, but by a post-dated check payable eight days after its execution, and cashed in ten days from its date, the day after the firm went into business. Such misstatement in the affidavit was held by the Court of Appeals of that State to render the special partner liable as a general partner for the engagements of the firm, under the following provision of the statute authorizing the formation of limited partnerships:
"And if any false statement be made in such certificate or affidavit all the persons interested in such partnership shall be liable for all the engagements thereof as general partners."
On the 30th of November, 1872, Wundram presented his petition in bankruptcy to the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York, setting forth
that he was a member of the copartnership consisting of himself and John Griffith, carrying on business under the firm name of Griffith & Wundram within that judicial district; that the members of said copartnership were, jointly and severally, unable to pay their debts; and with the other averments usual in such petitions. The usual schedules were annexed to the petition. No mention was made of Abendroth in the petition, but in the schedule he was stated to be one of the creditors of the firm, as were also the defendants in error here, Van Dolsen & Arnott. Upon this petition an order was issued requiring Griffith to show cause, etc. It contained no reference to Abendroth, and was not directed to him nor served upon him. After due proof of service on Griffith, the adjudication in bankruptcy was made in these words: "It is ...